Fast Food Research Paper Sources Format
It’s 7:00pm, you just got out of chemistry class, and you’re starving–but you have that argumentative essay on fast food due soon!
You decide to:
A) trudge back to your dorm and rummage through your nearly empty cupboards for another meal of ramen noodles,
B) make a quick trip to the local market to buy some fresh food to make a healthy dinner, or
C) stop at your favorite fast-food joint to satisfy your cravings.
You might choose C, because you’re short on time. You have an essay due in a day or two, and you really need to get started on it, don’t you? Plus those salty, greasy fries will melt all your stresses away.
Since you’re short on time and might need a bit of inspiration to spark your creativity, check out these 20 fast food articles to help you get started on your argumentative essay.
Choosing the Right Fast Food Articles
Though you might think any article that appears in your Google results is the perfect article for you paper, you really should be more selective.
It’s like ordering your fast food meal. You don’t stop at any fast food place. You weigh your options carefully. Do you want burgers? Do you feel like a burrito? Do you need a pizza?
Once you pull up to the drive thru, you don’t blindly order a #7, do you? You check out the menu (in case your meal number has changed) to find the perfect meal.
If you put this much effort into a fast food meal, shouldn’t you at least put as much effort into choosing credible fast food articles for your argument essay? After all, you don’t want to eat a crappy meal, and you don’t want to end up using crappy sources.
How do you know if a source isn’t crap and is actually credible?
Start by looking at the date it was published, who published the information, and whether or not the content meets your research needs.
For more information about determining a source’s credibility, read How to Apply the CRAAP Test to Your Essay Sources.
20 Fast Food Articles for a Juicy Argumentative Essay
As you’ve probably figured out, writing about fast food in general is almost impossible because the topic is too broad. To help you out, I’ve narrowed “fast food” to 4 more specific and arguable topics and provided 5 fast food articles for each narrowed topic.
You can’t write an argumentative essay without a specific thesis either, so I’ve also included a thesis statement for each narrowed topic to help you focus your paper.
In addition to all of this, I’ve also included a summary of each of the fast food articles below and a full MLA citation. (Remember to change the date of access to the date you viewed the source.)
Each time you reference the article in your paper, don’t forget to cite the article using in-text citation, too!
Of course, if you’re writing in APA (or another citation style), you’ll need to change the citation to proper format.
That’s a lot of great stuff to get you started with your argumentative paper on fast food. (You can thank me later.)
Topic #1: Should fast food be banned?
Sample thesis statement: Though banning fast food may seem like a simple solution to the obesity epidemic, a ban on fast food will not solve the problem.
Why the Fast-Food Ban Failed in South L.A.
Published by the well-respected online news source, The Atlantic, this timely article includes a brief commentary on banning fast food and explains why the ban failed in South L.A.
Chandler, Adam. “Why the Fast-Food Ban Failed in South L.A.” The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, 24 Mar. 2015. Web. 17 May 2015.
Ban fast-food outlets from hospitals, MPs demand
Members of the British Parliament (MPs) fight to ban fast food in hospitals, stating that hospitals should be encouraging a healthy lifestyle, rather than promoting junk food.
This article is considered credible, as it is published in the British news site, The Guardian (winner of the 2014 Pulitzer Prize), is written recently, and the information can be cross-referenced on other websites.
Campbell, Dennis. “Ban fast-food outlets from hospitals, MPs demand.” The Guardian. Gaurdian News and Media Limited, 24 Mar. 2015. Web. 17 May 2015.
5 Reasons Fast-Food Should Be Banned
Published by Foods 4 Better Health, this article argues that fast food should be banned primarily due to its lack of nutritional content, its cost, and its effect on people’s health.
The website focuses on providing nutritional content for readers, and the fast food articles are written by doctors and nutrition experts.
Yaneff, Jon. “5 Reasons Fast Food Should Be Banned.” Foods4BetterHealth. Foods4betterhealth.com, 11 Mar. 2014. Web. 17 May 2015.
‘Ban fat customers from fast-food restaurants like bartenders ban drunks from bars,’ says weight loss expert
In this UK article published by the respected Daily Mail, the author states fast food workers should refuse to serve obese people. He argues that this is not meant to be cruel or punishing, but it will help save people’s lives and encourage them to make healthier choices.
Parry, Lizzie. “‘Ban fat customers from fast food restaurants like bartenders ban drunks from bars,’ says weight loss expert.” Mail Online. Associated Newspapers, 19 Nov. 2014. Web. 17 May 2015.
Food Advertisements: To Ban or Not to Ban?
The author of this article argues “we are obviously being conditioned to look at food as an entertainment.” He advocates for banning fast food advertisements to help prevent over-consumption of fast food.
This is a peer-reviewed article published in conjunction with the National Institute of Health. Information is cited and referenced. Thus this brief article passes the CRAAP test with flying colors.
Alkharfy, Khalid M. “Food Advertisements: To Ban or Not to Ban?” Annals of Saudi Medicine. Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd., Nov.-Dec. 2011. Web. 17 May 2015.
Topic #2: Can fast food be healthy?
Sample thesis statement: Many people automatically assume that all fast food is unhealthy; however, it’s still possible to eat a healthy meal at a fast food restaurant.
Fast-Food’s Immediate Damage to Your Health
Published in Huffington Post, a respected online news source, this article reports the results of a study that found people’s arteries were affected after eating only one fast food meal. Because the arteries dilated less after eating the meal, researchers reported that this was a clear indication that fast food meals could be a precursor to hardening of the arteries.
Bratskeir, Kate. “Fast Food’s Immediate Damage To Your Health.” The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, Inc., 3 Dec. 2012. Web. 17 May 2015.
The Effects of Fast-Food on the Body
This article summarizes the effects fast food has on the digestive and cardiovascular systems, the respiratory system, the central nervous system, and skin and bones.
This article is considered credible, as it is medically reviewed by an MD and published by Healthline, whose mission is to provide objective, trustworthy, and accurate information.
Pietrangelo, Ann. “The Effects of Fast Food on the Body.” Healthline. Healthline Networks Inc., 22 Oct. 2014. Web. 17 May 2015.
Healthy Fast-Food: Is Fast Food Always Bad For You?
Joanna Dolgoff, MD and published author, argues that although most fast food meals are unhealthy, it is possible to choose healthier options. She provides a series of tips, such as choosing smaller sizes, skipping soda, and special ordering food to help consumers select a healthier meal.
Dolgoff, M.D. Joanna. “Healthy Fast Food: Is Fast Food Always Bad For You?” The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, Inc., 6 Dec. 2010. Web. 17 May 2015.
Published by the American Heart Association, this brief article explains that although most fast food meals are unhealthy, consumers can make smarter choices by staying informed and choosing healthier menu items.
“Eating Fast Food.” American Heart Association. American Heart Association, Inc., 15 Jan. 2014. Web. 17 May 2015.
This article provides basic advice for readers to help them choose healthier fast food options. Also included in the article are a number of fast food menus to help readers learn more about the nutritional content of fast food items.
Help Guide’s motto is “A trusted non-profit guide to mental health and well-being,” and the website offers practical health advice and resources.
Smith, Melinda, et al. “Healthy Fast Food:Tips for Making Healthier Fast Food Choices.” HelpGuide.org. HelpGuide.org, Apr. 2015. Web. 17 May 2015.
Topic #3: Do fast food workers deserve a higher minimum wage?
Sample thesis statement: Fast food workers deserve an increase in pay because the current minimum wage is not a livable wage, and a higher minimum wage will improve the overall economy and reduce reliance on public programs.
The high cost of low-cost fast food
This article summarizes the findings of a study that indicates more than half of fast food workers receive some form of public assistance due to such low hourly wages. The author argues that minimum wage must be raised.
The roots of this website and organization date back to 1912, and “The Michigan League for Public Policy is a nonpartisan policy institute dedicated to economic opportunity for all.”
Ruark, Peter. “The high cost of low-cost-fast food.” Michigan League for Public Policy. MLPP, 16 Oct. 2013. Web. 17 May 2015.
Low fast-food wages come at high cost to US taxpayers, says report
This article cites evidence from a study that reports a staggering number of fast food employees receive at least one form of public assistance. The article also references another study that reports $3.8bn is spent annually on public assistance for employees of the 10 largest fast-food chains, and McDonald’s accounts for $1.2bn of the funds. Furthermore, this estimate may be low, as the research does not include other forms of assistance, such as subsidised housing, school lunches, home heating assistance, or other state programs.
McVeigh, Karen. “Low fast-food wages come at high cost to US taxpayers, says report.” The Guardian. The Guardian News and Media Limited, 15 Oct. 2013. Web. 17 May 2015.
Andrew M. Cuomo: Fast-Food Workers Deserve a Raise
In this op-ed piece published in The New York Times, governor of New York State Andrew M. Cuomo advocates for an increase in the minimum wage of fast food workers. Although the current minimum wage will be $9 by the end of 2015 in New York, the governor is proposing a raise in minimum wage to $11.50 in New York City and $10.50 in all other areas of the state.
Cuomo, Andrew M. “Andrew M. Cuomo: Fast-Food Workers Deserve a Raise.” The New York Times. The New York Times Company, 06 May 2015. Web. 17 May 2015.
Low Wages Cost U.S. Taxpayers $153 Billion A Year
This article argues for a raise in minimum wage for fast food workers and also includes an infographic that breaks down the average yearly cost of “low-wage workers’ public assistance.”
This is a recent article published by the well-respected Huffington Post.
Cohn, Emily. “Low Wages Cost U.S. Taxpayers $153 Billion A Year.” The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, Inc., 3 Apr. 2015. Web. 17 May 2015.
Raising the Minimum Wage Is Still a Bad Idea
This article argues that increasing the minimum wage (for not only fast food workers, but for all workers) will not help poverty rates, but will instead likely decrease the number of available jobs.
Bloomberg is an established news source that focuses on business and financial information.
Ponnuru, Ramesh. “Raising the Minimum Wage Is Still a Bad Idea.” BloombergView. Bloomberg L.P., 18 Feb. 2014. Web. 17 May 2015.
Topic #4: Is fast food cheaper than home-cooked meals?
Sample thesis statement: Though fast food may be seem cheaper, it is actually more expensive than home-cooked meals, especially when adding in the hidden costs of fast food.
Is Junk Food Really Cheaper?
Columnist for The New York Times, Mark Bittman, explains that fast food actually costs more per meal than a traditional home-cooked meal. He also argues that part of the reason why fast food is so popular is simply because people see cooking as work. Getting people to see the joys of cooking, he states, will do more to help people’s health than convincing fast food establishments to offer healthier choices.
Bittman, Mark. “Is Junk Food Really Cheaper?” The New York Times. The New York Times Company, 24 Sept. 2011. Web. 17 May 2015.
True Costs of So-Called Cheap Food
Published on Huffingtonpost.com, this article explains that even though many fast food meals seem cheap, there are hidden costs of these foods to society. The author states that obesity, heart disease, and the cost of public assistance to fast food employees, though not included in the cost of a fast food meal, are part of the hidden costs of fast food.
Gustafson, Ellen. “True Costs of So-called Cheap Food.” The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, Inc., 25 Nov. 2013. Web. 17 May 2015.
Real Money: Fast Food Versus Home-Cooked Meals
This light-hearted article and video challenge a family to see which is more costly and more time-consuming: fast food or home-cooked meals. The results found that it’s certainly cheaper and often quicker to cook at home.
This timely article is published by the long-time news source ABC News and is considered credible.
“Real Money: Fast Food Versus Home-Cooked Meals.” ABC News. ABC News Internet Ventures, 22 Jan. 2014. Web. 17 May 2015.
Is Cooking Really Cheaper Than Fast Food?
The author, Tom Philpott, references Mark Bittman’s New York Times article (see above) and argues that Bittman fails to address the cost of personal labor for cooking and cleaning up after a home-cooked meal. This, of course, increases the cost of home-cooked meals. Philpott also suggests that more cooking classes be offered to teach Americans the increasingly lost art of cooking.
Philpott, Tom. “Is Cooking Really Cheaper Than Fast Food?” Mother Jones. MotherJones and the Foundation for National Progress, 4 Oct. 2011. Web. 17 May 2015.
A healthy diet costs $2,000 a year more than an unhealthy one for average family of four: Harvard study
This Canadian news article cites a Harvard study that examines the cost of a healthy diet. The author argues that the extra $2000 cost per year of cooking healthy meals far outweighs the hidden costs of obesity and other health-related issues that are often caused by a poor diet.
Rehel, Jason. “A healthy diet costs $2,000 a year more than an unhealthy one for average family of four: Harvard study.” National Post. National Post, 6 Dec. 2013. Web. 17 May 2015.
Okay, you have a topic, a working thesis statement, and a few fast food articles to start your research. It’s kind of like ordering your fast food meal: you have a burger, a fry, and a soda.
What’s next? Add the extras to make your meal complete.
If you’re about ready to enjoy your meal, you might decide you need some salt, ketchup, mayo, or some other condiment to add that finishing touch. If you’re writing an argument essay, you might need a few more sources to create an effective argument.
Check out 5 Best Resources to Help With Writing a Research Paper to find the extra sources to make your paper delicious!
Also, check out these example essays on fast food to help inspire you.
Ready to see if your paper earns a 5-star review? Have a Kibin editor review your argument essay.
Happy dining and happy writing!
Psst... 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays.
College students can format research papers correctly by learning the different parts of a research paper and following these simple guidelines.
When it comes to formatting requirements, although occasionally an instructor might give specific instructions that differ from the norm, most instructors have similar expectations, so if you follow the guidelines below, you will be assured of submitting papers that are formatted correctly. That said, however, you should always ask for clarification if there is any uncertainty regarding a particular instructors requirements.
The Different Parts of a Research Paper
There are several parts to a research paper, some standard, others optional, including the following:
- Title or cover page: The information required on the title or cover page sometimes varies from institution to institution or even class to class; usually, however, it includes the title of the paper, your name, the name of the class, your instructors name, and the date; and this information is centered on the top half of the page, not the exact center.
- Abstract: An abstract is a brief summary, normally around 100 words, of your subject, research methods, findings, and conclusions (Aaron, 2001). Abstracts, though, are not always required, so check with your instructors regarding their expectations.
- Body of the paper: This section contains your thoughts, findings, arguments, suppositions, interpretations, etc. It should begin with an introduction that provides a thesis statement and lets the reader know the topic of the paper and the main points you intend to make. It should also provide a conclusion that restates the thesis statement, albeit in other words, and summarizes the main points.
- References or works-cited page: In APA, the list of references is called the reference page, in MLA, the works-cited page. Regardless of which formatting method you are using, though, this page should provide full bibliographical information about all utilized sources. Moreover, for every source listed on this page, there should be at least one corresponding internal citation within the paper, either in the form of a direct reference or a parenthetical citation. And please note: Do not list any sources that you did not actually use in writing the paper, regardless of how many you might have read.
Basic Formatting Requirements for a College Research Paper
Before submitting a paper, prepare the final copy on a good quality standard 8-by-11-inch paper of a common weight and thickness, for example, 16-20 pound bond paper (Barnwell & Dees, 1999). Moreover, use a font style and size that are readable, and in both APA and MLA, the only acceptable font styles are Times New Roman, Arial, and Courier, while the only acceptable font size is 12-point, except in certain rare circumstances explained in the APA and MLA manuals. Finally, use only black ink, not blue, purple, or, heaven forbid, chartreuse, and make certain the printed copy is legible, not smeared or the text so light as to be unreadable.
How to Format Margins on Research Papers
Unless a paper is intended to be bound, in which case the left margin should be 1-inch, margins should be 1-inch on both sides and at the top and bottom of all pages. Additionally, text in the body of the paper, other than the papers title on the first page, which is centered, should be aligned left, not justified or aligned right.
How to Format Page Numbers on Research Papers
Number all pages, beginning with the tile or cover page, which is page one. Whats more, page numbers should be inserted into the header, along with a shortened form (two to three words) of the papers title. For example, if the title of your paper is An Examination of T. S. Eliots Wasteland, you might use Eliots Wasteland in the header.
How to Format a Reference or Works Cited Page
According to John Langan, author of English Skills (2001), students should keep these guidelines in mind when formatting a list of utilized sources:
- Organize all entries alphabetically according to the authors last names, and if no author is provided, alphabetize that entry by title.
- Double-space all text with no extra spacing between entries.
- After the first line of an entry, indent any subsequent lines five spaces (Use the TAB key).
Additional Formatting Guidelines for College Papers
Some other guidelines to keep in mind when formatting college papers are these:
- Double-space the entire paper with no extra spacing between paragraphs.
- Block quotes of 40 or more words and indent them ten spaces.
- When citing a quotation from a source to which the author refers, use the abbreviation qtd. in the parenthetical citation, for example: According to Dr. Mason Brown, professor of humanities at Bowling Green * University, The study of the arts is imperative for the development of a civilized populace (qtd. in Fiedler, 2002, p. 23).
- If you use more than one work by the same author, include an abbreviated version of the title within the parenthetical citation, for example: (Smith, Musings, 2008).
- Place a parenthetical citation at the end of the sentence it is referencing and before the period, not after it. However, when using only one source for all information contained within an entire paragraph, place the parenthetical citation after the period in the final sentence, not before it. Note: A parenthetical citation is one enclosed in parentheses.
- Leave only one space after all punctuation, including commas, colons, semicolons, and periods.
- Use an ellipsis mark (spaced periods) to indicate omitted words, phrases, sentences in a direct quote. Use three periods to indicate an omission within a sentence and four periods to indicate an omission between sentences.
- Include headings (in APA) to identify each section of the paper. Main headings are level one, subheadings are level two, and sub-subheadings are level three.
- On the cover page, include a running head only if the paper is intended for publication. The running head should not exceed 50 characters, should be in all capital letters, and should be positioned flush left below the header (Aaron, 2001).
In summary, all students can learn to format research papers correctly as long as theyre willing to make the effort, and if they are willing, in the end that effort will pay off in the form of higher grades.