Dissertation Proposal Format Ukm

How to complete my thesis in time? It is a question that bothers graduate or post-graduate students or even scientists all the time. To accomplish this task, you need to have your research methodology thought through, develop a research proposal accordingly, conduct the actual research activities, and finally make an appropriate presentation.

For a start, the research methodology defines what the subject is, how to proceed, how to measure progress, how to analyze, and what constitutes success.

            The research methodology is a way to solve the research problem by logically adopting successive steps. For an empiricist quantitative research design, the overall structure includes observations, question of interest, hypotheses, predictions, and tests of experimental data. In some cases, additional observation is required to verify your findings, and make your conclusion.

For scientific investigation and technological innovation, problem solving is an important skill constituted of five major stages: defining, reviewing, planning, doing, and reflecting. For an engineering problem, whether open or closed ended, the first stage of solving the problem is to answer the following question: What is the boundary of the system? Why doing this? What is the goal? The second stage is to review literature, to collect related data and information available from similar topics that have been done, and to answer: what are their findings? What are the points they have not reached yet? And why? The third stage is to design a doable plan according to the tools, data, or information available. The fourth stage is doing. After the doing stage results will ensue, but they have to be checked critically. Are they reasonable in terms of magnitude, scale, or physical restraints, etc.? For every round of stages aforementioned, the performances have to be evaluated. If the results are not satisfying, you have to go back to the planning stage and come up with a new strategy and carry out research activities accordingly. Bare in mind the possibility of redefining the problem as well.

Finally, your findings have to be presented in an appropriate form to engage various types of audience. The presentation generally takes two forms: oral presentation, and written form of thesis. This lecture concerns more with the latter. The format of a written thesis includes: abstract, introduction, mathematical formulation, method of analysis, parameter study, discussion and conclusion (concluding remarks). For the purpose of clarification, acknowledgement, references, appendix, tables, and figures can be supplemented to the main text.

            All in all, scientific research is an endless pursuit. The works is fun, but more often daunting and dreary. During the investigating procedure you will discover new problems, come across new challenges, ponder on solutions, collect findings of experiments, and reflect on subjects. To think is to enjoy.

Everything can be achieved by well preparations. (Chinese motto:凡事豫則立).

Master of Philosophy & Doctor of Philosophy

MPhil and PhD
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The wide range of expertise available in the School allows candidates who register for the MPhil or Doctorate study to undertake research in any area in Linguistics, Literature Studies and English Language Studies.  Candidates are required to submit a 5-10 page research proposal with their application.


Areas of studies offered are:

  • Phonetic
  • Morphology
  • Semantic
  • Discourse Analysis
  • Translation
  • Lexicography
  • Language and variation
  • Phonology
  • Syntax
  •  Pragmatic
  • Sociolinguistics
  • Corpus linguistic
  • Dialectology

Compulsory Courses

  • SKBL6024 Research Methodology in Linguistics
  • SKBL6034 Academic Writing in Linguistics


Research areas offered are:

  • Language and ICT
  • Language Learning Strategies; Computer Enhanced Language Learning
  • ESL written communication;
  • English for the workplace
  • Writing in English;
  • Writing for ESP;
  • English language testing
  • Distance learning;
  • CALL, Teaching of Learning Styles
  • Applied Linguistics; Literacy; Cooperative Learning
  • Electronic lexicography;
  • Corpus linguistics
  • Computer assisted language learning (CALL);
  • Second language acquisition
  • Written discourse;
  • Genre analysis
  • Sociolinguistics and international communication; Language and intercultural communication in the workplace
  • Computer-based assessment of Writing in ESL
  • Language and Society
  • Autonomous language learning; Distance language learning; TESL language acquisition
  •  E-Literacy for Community; Knowledge Society and Digital Divide
  • Institutional discourse; Forensic linguistics
  • Reading in ESL; Reading and CALL; Classroom Discourse;
  • Second language curriculum development
  • English for Law; Language Assessment; Testing and Evaluation
  • Media Discourse; English for specific purposes; Research methodology; Materials Development for Language Teaching
  • Applied Linguistics and TESOL; Language, culture and literacy in multilingual contexts
  • Conversation and discourse analysis;
  • Language and Gender
  • Code Switching and choice (English – Bahasa Melayu); Gender and language; Discourse Analysis and Conversational Analysis; Language and Discourse at workplace; Language Awareness (Grammar)
  • Natural Language Processing; Psycholinguistics; Spoken language processing

Compulsory Courses

  • SKBI 6004 Research Methodology in English Language  Studies
  • SKBI 6014 Academic Writing in English Language  Studies


Areas of studies offered are:

  • Postcolonial Literatures in English
  • Malaysian Literatures in English
  • Occidental Literary Studies
  • Comparative Literature
  • Young Adult Literature
  • Literature in Education
  • Literature as Performance
  • Literature and Translation
  • Literature and Popular Culture
  • Literature and Multicultural Studies
  • Diasporic Writing
  • Subaltern Studies
  • Creative Writing
  • Stylistics
  • Gender Studies
  • Literature and Science

Compulsory Courses

  • SKBK 6004 Research Methodology in Literature Studies
  • SKBI 6014 Academic Writing in Literature  Studies

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