Socrates Plato And Aristotle Essay
Fill in the matrix below, denoting each philosopher’s view concerning the topics listed. Write NA if there is no record in the textbook of the philosopher’s view on the specific topic. Then, using the information you inserted into the matrix as a guide, write a 350-700 word response describing how Socrates’, Plato’s, and Aristotle’s philosophies relate to each other. | | | |Socrates |Plato |Aristotle | |Logic and Argument in |Used the dialectic method to take an |Used the knowledge of the forms to|Contributed the concept of | |Philosophy |argument to the root issue and |get to the fundamental issue.
|logical reasoning through | | |proceed from there. | |syllogism. | |Methods of Acquiring |Used the dialectic method to acquire |Sensory perception is not a valid |Some things can be intuitively | |Knowledge |knowledge. |means of acquiring knowledge. It |known. For most things they | | | |is through thinking and knowledge |should be grouped to discover | | | |of the true forms that one gains |similar qualities as well as | | | |knowledge and can perceive their |unique qualities. | | | |surroundings. | | |Love |NA |For Plato, “love is meant to be |NA | | | |the force that brings all things | | | | |together and makes them beautiful”|
| | | |(Moore & Bruder, 2005, p. 44). | | | | |Love operates as a force that | | | | |shows that some knowledge is | | | | |lacking, and then the force that | | | | |pursues that knowledge. | | |Existence |NA |NA |A determination is made if the | | | | |object exists, and a | | | | |determination is made about the| | | | |object substance. | Write a 350-700 word response (collectively) describing how the philosophies of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle relate to each other concerning the following topics: • Logic and Argument in Philosophy.
• Knowledge and Methods of Acquiring Knowledge • Love • Existence Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle had a similar approach to logic and argument. They called to the base issue. Despite the fact that getting to the base issue and the base issue itself was different for each philosopher, the core was getting to the root of the idea and then going on from there. Socrates added to this through his grouping of multiple base issues to form an argument. Like their approach to logic and argument, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle had a main similarity in the way they acquired knowledge.
All three philosophers, while different in technique, took the idea to its base or simplest form, and then built it up from there. At the beginning, Plato had the form and that was the key element, although multiple forms could exist in one object. Socrates used the dialectic method which was a predecessor to Aristotle’s syllogism. Aristotle expanded upon Socrates’ dialectic method by combining known items to make a logical argument. Even though the textbook only mentions Plato’s view on love, similarities can be made with Socrates.
With Socrates dying for his corruption of the youth and rejection of the Gods, it was mainly his idealism and philosophy that brought him to his death. His refusal to compromise his beliefs, and thus escaping death, reinforced that reason. The main similarity between Plato and Socrates is that love is a force. For Socrates, this force was reason; while for Plato, it was knowledge of the forms. Even though the textbook only mentions specifics on existence, some presumptions about Plato’s view of essence can be made.
With Plato’s philosophy mainly on the basis of the forms, it is the forms that are used to define and judge the objects in the temporal world. For Plato, as one grows in knowledge of the forms, they can then better analyze the world through the senses to determine their compliance with the original form that the object resembles. The similarity between the two philosophies is in Aristotle’s substance and that it can be paralleled back to Plato’s search of the knowledge of the form’s essence and nature.
Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
Thanks to three famous Greek philosophers from Athens, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, much of modern day philosophy is attributed and influenced by their works. Each man was quite different from the other man and each had much to contribute to philosophy and the study of philosophy. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle of Athens, Greece impacted and greatly changed the world.
Socrates was from Athens, Greece and he lived from 469-399 BC. He was not wealthy or an aristocrat. He wasn’t loved a lot by the people of Athens; in fact they said he was bad role model and that he was ruining the young people of the city. They truly did not understand him at all. He was not known as a great author, but his strength rested in his ability to ask deep, thought-provoking questions. Sometimes his questions would humiliate or embarrass the people of Athens. This style of questioning is still used in many schools of learning today and it called the Socratic Method of Teaching.
Plato was an Athens aristocrat and he was also known for his wrestling skills. He was once a student of Socrates. He, too, liked to question and probe. He believed in pre-existence and felt that all souls were immortal. He was known for his stellar writing skills with one of his most famous works being The Republic. In his book, he expressed the idea that a king should be a philosopher and he described what he thought was the perfect society. He lived from around 428-347 BC. He lived in Athens and founded the Academy in Athens.
Aristotle was also a student of Plato in Athens, Greece. Plato certainly had some well-known and very bright students. He later was a tutor for a few years for the famous ruler Alexander the Great. He was born in Stagirus of Northern Greece and lived from 384-322 BCE. His views on physical science changed the world. When he was 50 years old, he started his very own school of philosophy. We wrote well over one thousand papers, pamphlets, documents, and books during his lifetime. His best-known idea was the “ Golden Mean, Avoid All Extremes”, a motto of moderation.
Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, great Greek philosophers, each changed the world with their forward thinking, probing questions, and extensive writings concerning philosophy. These famous and very different men of Greece impacted and changed society.